- past of enshrine
A shrine, from the Latin scrinium (‘box’; also used as a desk, like the French bureau) was originally a container, usually made of precious materials, used especially for a relic and often a cult image. By extension it has come to mean a holy or sacred place containing the reliquary or tomb dedicated to a particular hero, martyr, saint or similar figure of awe and respect. Shrines may be enclosures within temples, home altars, and sacred burial places. Secular meanings have developed by association, as noted below. A shrine at which offerings are made is called an altar.
Religious shrinesShi'ism maintains a tradition of venerating late religious leaders (as there is no hierarchical church, the bond is personal; but often a 'successor', sometimes even a son, maintains a following) and/or martyrs (usually at their grave); thus the Persian word imamzadeh. There are also sunnite equivalents, as among the ascetic marabouts of West Africa and the Maghreb.
A Buddhist shrine sometimes requires a symbolic architecture called a stupa. Early Buddhist shrines may be located in sacred caves.
In Shinto and in Roman Catholicism, small portable shrines are often carried in religious processions.
However, Mass would not be celebrated at them; they were simply used to aid or give a visual focus for prayers. Side altars where Mass could actually be celebrated were used in a similar way to shrines by parishioners. Side Altars were specifically dedicated to The Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph or other saints.
The long Roman Catholic tradition of veneration of saints has produced an impressive number of notable shrines, some of truly international renoun. There are separate articles on:
Shrine may also designate a small altar in a home or place of business, or a room or item of furniture which is decorated with religious symbols and used for private worship, as was common in the polytheist periods of Classical Antiquity. Devotions are generally to ancestral or tutelary spirits.
Yard shrinesSmall outdoor yard shrines are found at the places of many peoples following various religions, especially historic Christianity. Many consist of a statue of Christ or a saint on a pedestal or in an alcove, while others may be elaborate groupings including paintings, statuary, and architectual elements such as walls, roofs, glass doors, ironwork fences, and so on.
In the United States, many Christians (especially Anglican and Roman Catholic) have small yard shrines; some of these greatly resemble side altars, since they are composed of a statue placed in a niche or grotto; this type is colloquially referred to as a bathtub Madonna. Nativity scenes are also a form of yard shrine.
Secular shrinesIn the United States and some other countries, landmarks may be called "historic shrines." Notable shrines of this type include:
By extension the term shrine has come to mean any place (or virtual cyber-place) dedicated completely to a particular person or subject.
List of shrines
The list of those considered at least of national importance comprises none in Africa, but on all other continents:
Two in Croatia:
Four in France:
Two pontifical minor basilicas in Italy:
One in Malta:
- the minor basilica of National Shrine of the Blessed Virgin of Ta’ Pinu [BVM Assumption] in Għarb
Four main shrines in Poland:
Three minor basilicas in Spain:
Four in the UK:
North AmericaSeven in Canada:
Fifty-five in the USA:
- Shrine of Christ the King in Chicago, IL (first Latin Mass shrine in the world)
- The Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC in the United States
- The Shrine of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton at Mount Saint Mary's University in Emmitsburg, Maryland
- The National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows in Belleville, Illinois
- The National Shrine of the Little Flower Catholic Church in Royal Oak, Michigan
- Shrine of the North American Martyrs in Auriesville, New York
- Holy Hill National Shrine of Mary, Help of Christians in Hubertus, Wisconsin
- Mary, Queen of the Universe Shrine in Orlando, Florida
- The Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacramenthttp://www.olamshrine.com/olam/welcome.htm in Hanceville, Alabama
- The Light Of Truth Universal Shrinehttp://www.lotus.org/ in Buckingham, Virginia
- Jaffa Shrinehttp://jaffamosque.nb.net/ in Altoona, Pennsylvania
- The National Shrine of St. Katherine Drexel in Bensalem Township, Bucks County,
Central AmericaTwo in Cuba
One in Nicaragua
One in Panama
AsiaTwo in China.
- Shinto shrine(Jinja)
Two in India:
Many Islamic shrines all over the Middle East, especially revered by the Shia. Notable ones include:
Fifteen in the Philippines.
Two in Sri Lanka.
OceaniaAll four are in Australia, in only two major cities:
Bahá'íThe two most well-known Bahá'í shrines serve as the resting places for the respective remains of the Twin Manifestations of the Bahá'í Faith, the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh. They are the focal points of a Bahá'í pilgrimage.
ShintoShinto temples (in Japanese, variously named jinja, taisha, and jingū) are conventionally called "shrines" in English. A portable miniature version, called a mikoshi, is carried in Shinto processions. See :Category:Shinto shrines
- Shriners (Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine) used to call their masonic assembly places temple (akin to shrine), but recently rebaptised them shriner centre
enshrined in German: Schrein
enshrined in Spanish: Santuario (edificio)
enshrined in French: Sanctuaire
enshrined in Italian: Santuario
enshrined in Dutch: Schrijn
enshrined in Polish: Kapliczka
enshrined in Portuguese: Santuário
enshrined in Russian: Рака